Difference between revisions of "Studies on homeopathy"

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<p style="text-align: right">[[Donate|'''Please support FreeWiki''']]</p> <p style="text-align: right">in deutscher Sprache: [[:de:Forschungen_und_Studien_zur_Homöopathie|Forschungen und Studien zur Homöopathie]]</p>  
 
<p style="text-align: right">[[Donate|'''Please support FreeWiki''']]</p> <p style="text-align: right">in deutscher Sprache: [[:de:Forschungen_und_Studien_zur_Homöopathie|Forschungen und Studien zur Homöopathie]]</p>  
{{Fragment}}
 
  
 
[[Homeopathy|Homeopathy]] is an [[Alternative_medicine|alternative medical]] method which has been well proven and substantiated by different scientific studies and researches.
 
[[Homeopathy|Homeopathy]] is an [[Alternative_medicine|alternative medical]] method which has been well proven and substantiated by different scientific studies and researches.
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You can find a detailed and factual answer to the most frequently asked critical questions on homeopathy on the page of the [https://www.hri-research.org/resources/homeopathy-faqs/ Homeopathy Research Institute (HRI)].
 
You can find a detailed and factual answer to the most frequently asked critical questions on homeopathy on the page of the [https://www.hri-research.org/resources/homeopathy-faqs/ Homeopathy Research Institute (HRI)].
  
{{Fragment}}
 
  
 
== Scientific and medical research on homeopathy ==
 
== Scientific and medical research on homeopathy ==
  
{{Erklärung}} In the last three decades a number of efforts have been made to research the mode of action of homeopathic therapy on a scientific basis, i.e. to apply the same criteria to it as to other forms of medicine. This was done under several different questions:<br/> '''a)''' '''Physical and chemical experiments''' were carried out in order to get closer to a scientific understanding of the mechanisms of action of high potencies and to determine whether effects can be proven physically at a dilution beyond Avogardo's number.<br/> '''b)''' Experiments have been carried out with the '''application of potentiated substances''' on various tissues and organisms (bacteria, plants, animals) to determine whether potentiated substances have a demonstrable effect on living organisms.<br/> '''c)''' '''Controlled clinical trials''' wer carried out, mostly [[Double-blind_study|double-blind]], to clarify whether homeopathic medication has an effect in use that can be distinguished from placebo effects.
+
In the last three decades a number of efforts have been made to research the mode of action of homeopathic therapy on a scientific basis, i.e. to apply the same criteria to it as to other forms of medicine. This was done under several different questions:<br/> '''a)''' '''Physical and chemical experiments''' were carried out in order to get closer to a scientific understanding of the mechanisms of action of high potencies and to determine whether effects can be proven physically at a dilution beyond Avogardo's number.<br/> '''b)''' Experiments have been carried out with the '''application of potentiated substances''' on various tissues and organisms (bacteria, plants, animals) to determine whether potentiated substances have a demonstrable effect on living organisms.<br/> '''c)''' '''Controlled clinical trials''' wer carried out, mostly [[Double-blind_study|double-blind]], to clarify whether homeopathic medication has an effect in use that can be distinguished from placebo effects.
  
 
Ironically, clinical studies on homeopathic therapy are often subject to much stricter scientific standards than orthodox medicine in order not to be disqualified by formal errors or statistical weaknesses.<ref>For the partly desolate situation of the scientific studies and documentations of orthodox pharmacology see [http://www.provings.info/blog1_en?post_id=39&title=a-severe-blow-to-evidence-based-medicine-(ebm):-cochrane-leaders-question-independence commentary on the decline of the famous Cochrane Collaboration] or the [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)60696-1/fulltext statement of the editor-in-chief of the Lancet, Richard Horton] that half of the scientific studies are faked.
 
Ironically, clinical studies on homeopathic therapy are often subject to much stricter scientific standards than orthodox medicine in order not to be disqualified by formal errors or statistical weaknesses.<ref>For the partly desolate situation of the scientific studies and documentations of orthodox pharmacology see [http://www.provings.info/blog1_en?post_id=39&title=a-severe-blow-to-evidence-based-medicine-(ebm):-cochrane-leaders-question-independence commentary on the decline of the famous Cochrane Collaboration] or the [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)60696-1/fulltext statement of the editor-in-chief of the Lancet, Richard Horton] that half of the scientific studies are faked.
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In summary, it can be said that the scientific research to date has shown that homeopathic effects exist in even within the horizon of a mechanistic perception and interpretation of the world. If we refine the measuring methods sufficiently, the existence of such effects can be observed. Similar to parapsychological research, however, the possible statements do not go beyond confirming the mere existence of such effects. How they actually come about, what their inner laws are, and all such questions as homoeopaths deal with in their daily practice, remain unexplained and untouched. This is the current state of affairs; and due to fundamental considerations on these topics, it is not to be expected that this will change significantly - see [[Models_for_homeopathic_effects|effect models of homeopathy]].
 
In summary, it can be said that the scientific research to date has shown that homeopathic effects exist in even within the horizon of a mechanistic perception and interpretation of the world. If we refine the measuring methods sufficiently, the existence of such effects can be observed. Similar to parapsychological research, however, the possible statements do not go beyond confirming the mere existence of such effects. How they actually come about, what their inner laws are, and all such questions as homoeopaths deal with in their daily practice, remain unexplained and untouched. This is the current state of affairs; and due to fundamental considerations on these topics, it is not to be expected that this will change significantly - see [[Models_for_homeopathic_effects|effect models of homeopathy]].
 
&nbsp;
 
 
== References: ==
 
 
<references />
 
  
 
&nbsp;
 
&nbsp;
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*Varicose veins (Ernst E 1990);  
 
*Varicose veins (Ernst E 1990);  
 
*Vertigo (Schneider B 2005; Issing W 2005; Weiser M 1998).
 
*Vertigo (Schneider B 2005; Issing W 2005; Weiser M 1998).
 +
 +
 +
== References: ==
 +
 +
<references />
 +
 +
&nbsp;

Revision as of 20:24, 10 December 2018

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in deutscher Sprache: Forschungen und Studien zur Homöopathie

Homeopathy is an alternative medical method which has been well proven and substantiated by different scientific studies and researches.

Quote of the German scientific Veronika Carstens Foundation:

"There are more than 200 randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind studies on homeopathy. The majority of these document advantages in the homeopathic group compared to placebo control. This also applies to the methodologically high-quality papers. Accordingly, reviews (meta-analyses) of such studies also regularly state the statistically significant superiority of potentised preparations over placebo, even in the group of the most reliable clinical trials. No difference between homeopathy and placebo can only be detected if at least 90% of the available data are excluded from evaluation due to scientifically incomprehensible criteria. The constant repetition of the assertion of the missing evidence of an effect of homeopathy beyond placebo effects does not make it any more true." [1]

You can find a detailed and factual answer to the most frequently asked critical questions on homeopathy on the page of the Homeopathy Research Institute (HRI).


Scientific and medical research on homeopathy

In the last three decades a number of efforts have been made to research the mode of action of homeopathic therapy on a scientific basis, i.e. to apply the same criteria to it as to other forms of medicine. This was done under several different questions:
a) Physical and chemical experiments were carried out in order to get closer to a scientific understanding of the mechanisms of action of high potencies and to determine whether effects can be proven physically at a dilution beyond Avogardo's number.
b) Experiments have been carried out with the application of potentiated substances on various tissues and organisms (bacteria, plants, animals) to determine whether potentiated substances have a demonstrable effect on living organisms.
c) Controlled clinical trials wer carried out, mostly double-blind, to clarify whether homeopathic medication has an effect in use that can be distinguished from placebo effects.

Ironically, clinical studies on homeopathic therapy are often subject to much stricter scientific standards than orthodox medicine in order not to be disqualified by formal errors or statistical weaknesses.[2]

to b)

to c) Is homeopathy effective in clinical application? In spite of the difficulty of applying a testing method that is not fitting to homeopathy and despite the considerable methodological problems raised by double-blind studies and the unclear notion of placebo anyway[3], the studies on the effectiveness of homeopathic medicines turned out so favorably in the sum that even a group of critics described the argumentation situation of the homeopathic therapists as "enviable position".[4] This means that even under the most unfavourable conditions and with partly completely irrelevant study designs[5]it could be shown that homeopathic remedies work differently than placebo.

In summary, it can be said that the scientific research to date has shown that homeopathic effects exist in even within the horizon of a mechanistic perception and interpretation of the world. If we refine the measuring methods sufficiently, the existence of such effects can be observed. Similar to parapsychological research, however, the possible statements do not go beyond confirming the mere existence of such effects. How they actually come about, what their inner laws are, and all such questions as homoeopaths deal with in their daily practice, remain unexplained and untouched. This is the current state of affairs; and due to fundamental considerations on these topics, it is not to be expected that this will change significantly - see effect models of homeopathy.

 

Literature

general

  •  

Meta-Studies and Commentaries on them

  • Linde L, Clausius N, Ramirez G, Jonas W, "Are the Clinical Effects of Homoeopathy Placebo Effects? A Meta-analysis of Placebo-Controlled Trials,"Lancet, September 20, 1997, 350:834-843. Although a later review by some of these authors found a reduced significance, the authors never asserted that the significance was no longer present. Further, two of the lead authors of this article provided a very sharp critique of the Shang, et al. review of research (2005). Also, both Linde and Jonas wrote to the Lancet after the Shang/Egger article was published and asserted that the Lancet should be "embarrassed" by their publication of this article and the accompanied editorial (Lancet, 366 December 17, 2005:2081-2).
  • Kleijnen J, Knipschild P ter Riet G. Clinical trials of homoeopathy. BMJ 1991, 302, 316-23. Of the 22 best studies, 15 showed positive results from homeopathic treatment. The researchers concluded, "there is a legitimate case for further evaluation of homeopathy."
  • British Medical Journal 302 - (Feb 1991):316-323 Kleignen, J et al: Clinical Trials of Homeopathy- Published; review of 105 clinical trials, 81 demonstrated effectiveness.
  • Jacobs J, Jonas WB, Jimenez-Perez M, Crothers D,Homeopathy for Childhood Diarrhea: Combined Results and Metaanalysis from Three Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trials, Pediatr Infect Dis J, 2003;22:229-34. This metaanalysis of 242 children showed a highly significant result in the duration of childhood diarrhea (P=0.008).

Single Studies

to a)

  • On the topic of storage of information in water
  • Journal of Holistic Medicine- 5 (Fall/Winter ’83)-172-75  and J. of Amer. Inst. of Hom. 61(Nov/Dec. 68): 197-212: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study showed that all 23 different Hom. remedies and potencies tested had distinctive readings of submolecular activity, while placebos did not.
  • J. Amer. Inst. of Hom. 48, #11 (Nov. 1955):327-35 - Dilutions of NaCl up to 10-60 - showed differences in capacitance from distilled water.
  • Kassab S, Cummings M, Berkovitz S, van Haselen R, Fisher P. Homeopathic medicines for adverse effects of cancer treatments. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 2.

to b)

  • Benveniste, Jacques et al.: Human Basophil Degranulation Triggered by ery Dilute Antiserum Against IgE, in: Nature Vol.333, 30.6.1988, S.816ff.
  • British Homeopathic J.-74 (July 1985) 168-174- Homeopathic remedies inhibited viral growth in chick embryos from 50-100% depending on potency used.
  • 1930’s – W.Persson- and W. Boyd 1954- rate of fermentation of starch by ptyalin and diastase is influenced by high potencies of mercuric chloride.
  • Endler, P.C., Pongratz, W., van Wijk, R., Kastberger, G., Haidvogl, M. Effects of Highly Diluted Succussed Thyroxin on Metamorphosis of Highland Frogs. Berlin J Res Hom 1991; 1: 151-160.
  • Welles, S.U., Suanjak-Traidl, E., Weber, S., Scherer-Pongratz, W., Frass, M., Endler, P.C.,
    Spranger, H., Lothaller, H. Pretreatment with thyroxine (10e-8) and the effect of homeopathically prepared thyroxin (10-30) on highland frogs – a multi-researcher study. Res Compl Med / Forsch Komplementärmed 2007; 14: 353-357.
  • 4. Betti L., Brizzi M., Nani D., Peruzzi M., Effect of high dilutions of Arsenicum album on wheat seedlings from seed poisoned with the same substance, Br Hom J 1997; 86: 86-89.
  • Brizzi M., Lazzarato L., Nani D., Borghini F., Peruzzi M., Betti L., A Biostatistical Insight into the As2O3 High Dilution Effects on the Rate and Variability of Wheat Seedling Growth. Res Compl Med / Forsch Komplemenärmedizin 2005; 12: 277-83.
  • Binder M., Baumgartner S., Thurneysen A., The Effects of a 45x Potency of Arsenicum album on Wheat Seedling Growth – a Reproduction Trial, Res Compl Med / Forsch Komplementärmed 2005;12: 284-291.
  • Ramachandran C, Nair PK, Clèment RT, Melnick SJ. Investigation of cytokine expression in human leukocyte cultures with two immune-modulatory homeopathic preparations. J Altern Complement Med 2007; 13: 403-407.
  • de Oliveira CC, de Oliveira SM, Goes VM, Probst CM, Krieger MA, Buchi DD. Gene expression profiling of macrophages following mice treatment with an immunomodulator medication. J Cell Biochem 2008; 104: 1364-1377.
  • Smit E, Pretorius E, Anderson R, Oommen J, Potjo M. Differentiation of human monocytes in vitro following exposure to Canova in the absence of cytokines. Ultrastruct Pathol 2008; 32: 147-152.
  • Endler, P.C., Pongratz, W., van Wijk, R., Kastberger, G., Haidvogl, M. Effects of Highly Diluted Succussed Thyroxin on Metamorphosis of Highland Frogs. Berlin J Res Hom 1991; 1: 151-160.
  • Welles, S.U., Suanjak-Traidl, E., Weber, S., Scherer-Pongratz, W., Frass, M., Endler, P.C., Spranger, H., Lothaller, H. Pretreatment with thyroxine (10e-8) and the effect of homeopathically prepared thyroxin (10-30) on highland frogs – a multi-researcher study. Res Compl Med / Forsch Komplementärmedizin 2007; 14: 353-357.
  • Guedes J. R. P., Ferreira C. M., Guimaraes H. M. B., Saldiva P. H. N., Capelozzi V. L. Homeopathically prepared dilution of Rana catesbeiana thyroid glands modifies its rate of metamorphosis. Homeopathy 2004; 93: 132-137.
  • Jacque Benveniste- INSERM-(French equivalent of NIH) -1988-   Demonstrated after 4 yrs research, that  homeopathic potencies of Anti-IGE had biological effects at dilutions of 30c and 120c. (serum protein anti-body)
  • 1930’s – W.Persson- and W. Boyd 1954- rate of fermentation of starch by ptyalin and diastase is influenced by high potencies of mercuric chloride.

to c)

  • Schmidt, Joseph M. u Ostermayr, B: Does a homeopathic ultramolecular dilution of Thyoidinum 30cH affect the rate of body weight reduction in fasting patients? A randomised placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial.Homeopathy 2002; 91(4):197-206, DOI: 10.1054/homp.2002.0049, PMID: 12422922 [Impact Factor 2011: 1.141, rank 14/22 integrative & complementary medicine]
  • Schmidt, Joseph M. u Ostermayr, B: The effect of Thyroidinum 30cH on the body weight reduction of fasting patients. A randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. In: Proceedings of the 57th Congress of the Liga Medicorum Homoeopathica Internationalis, Moscow, Russia, 4–8 June 2002. Moskau 2002, Bd. 2, S. 362-370
  • Evaluation of homoeopathic treatment in polycystic ovary syndrome: A single-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled pilot study
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Frass, M, Dielacher, C, Linkesch, M, et al.Influence of potassium dichromate on tracheal secretions in critically ill patients, Chest, March, 2005;127:936-941. The journal, Chest, is the official publication of the American College of Chest Physicians.
  • Hayfever: Reilly D, Taylor M, McSharry C, et al.,Is homoeopathy a placebo response? controlled trial of homoeopathic potency, with pollen in hayfever as model," Lancet, October 18, 1986, ii: 881-6.
  • Asthma: Reilly, D, Taylor, M, Beattie, N, et al., "Is Evidence for Homoeopathy Reproducible?" Lancet, December 10, 1994, 344:1601-6.
  • Fibromyalgia: Bell IR, Lewis II DA, Brooks AJ, et al.Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo, Rheumatology. 2004:1111-5. This journal is the official journal of the British Society of Rheumatology.
  • Fibromyalgia: Fisher P, Greenwood A, Huskisson EC, et al., "Effect of Homoeopathic Treatment on Fibrositis (Primary Fibromyalgia)," BMJ, 299(August 5, 1989):365-6.
  • Childhood diarrhea: Jacobs, J, Jimenez, LM, Gloyd, SS,Treatment of Acute Childhood Diarrhea with Homeopathic Medicine: A Randomized Double-blind Controlled Study in Nicaragua, Pediatrics, May, 1994,93,5:719-25.
  • ADD/ADHD: Frei, H, Everts R, von Ammon K, Kaufmann F, Walther D, Hsu-Schmitz SF, Collenberg M, Fuhrer K, Hassink R, Steinlin M, Thurneysen A. Homeopathic treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial. Eur J Pediatr., July 27,2005,164:758-767.
  • Kassab S, Cummings M, Berkovitz S, van Haselen R, Fisher P.Homeopathic medicines for adverse effects of cancer treatments. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 2.
  • Taylor, MA, Reilly, D, Llewellyn-Jones, RH, et al., Randomised controlled trial of homoeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial Series, BMJ, August 19, 2000, 321:471-476. The BMJ published an editorial in the issue in which this study was published asserting, "It may be time to confront the conclusion that homeopathy and placebo differ...... This may be more plausible than the conclusion that their trials have produced serial false positive results" (This week in the BMJ. Homoeopathic dilutions may be better than placebo. BMJ 2000;321:0).
  • Jonas, WB, Linde, Klaus, and Ramirez, Gilbert, "Homeopathy and Rheumatic Disease," Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, February 2000,1:117-123.
  • French Study-Cahrs de Biotherapie 94 (April 1987) 77-81 - Double blind – Caulophyllum – Difficult deliveries – Remedy reduced labor time and decreased decreased abnormal labor. Labor time 5.1 hrs; average in treated grp. but 8.5 hrs in placebo group; Also, 11.3% of treated group had abnormal labor compared with 40% for placebo group;
  • British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology-9 (May 1980):453-459- Gibson, R.G. et al: Homeopathic Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthiritis-Double blind– 82% of patients experienced some relief compared with 21% for placebo.
  • Shipley M. et al. -Controlled trial of Homeopathic treatment of Osteoarthritis - Lancet-1 (1983) 97-98.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Frass, M, Dielacher, C, Linkesch, M, et al.Influence of potassium dichromate on tracheal secretions in critically ill patients, Chest, March, 2005;127:936-941. The journal, Chest, is the official publication of the American College of Chest Physicians.
  • Hayfever: Reilly D, Taylor M, McSharry C, et al.,Is homoeopathy a placebo response? controlled trial of homoeopathic potency, with pollen in hayfever as model," Lancet, October 18, 1986, ii: 881-6.
  • Asthma: Reilly, D, Taylor, M, Beattie, N, et al., "Is Evidence for Homoeopathy Reproducible?" Lancet, December 10, 1994, 344:1601-6.
  • Albertini , H. et al. Homeopathic Treatment of Neuralgia Using Arnica & Hypericum: Summary of 60 observations –  J. of  American Institute of Hom.-78(Sept.’85) 126-128 -. 76% of those given  Arnica and Hypericum  experienced pain relief.
  • German Pharmacological Journal (Arzneim. Forsch/Drug Res., 34 (1984):1791-98-    HomeopathicCombination formula reduced vertigo and nausea.
  • Homeopathy-(London 1975 W.H. Allen  ), 124-125: Survey of English factory and office workers. Group treated with hom. nosode influenzium: 6.5% got flu. In untreated group, 19.7 got flu. Untreated group lost 8.5 times more working days.
  • 1931 Paterson & Boyd – Schick test – registers immunity after administration of high potency nosode Diptherinum.
  • Reilly, D.T. et al- Is Hom. a Placebo Response?-: Controlled trial of Hom. Potency with Pollen in Hayfever as Model. Lancet 2 No. 8512 (Oct. 1986): 881-886.
  • Gerhard, W. The Biological treatment of Migraines, Based on Experience - Biological therapy 5 no. 3 (June 1988) 67-71.
  • Research on homeopathy’s effectiveness for specific pathologies: http://www.britishhomeopathic.org/
  • Fibromyalgia: Bell IR, Lewis II DA, Brooks AJ, et al. Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo, Rheumatology. 2004:1111-5. This journal is the official journal of the British Society of Rheumatology.
  • Fibromyalgia: Fisher P, Greenwood A, Huskisson EC, et al., "Effect of Homoeopathic Treatment on Fibrositis (Primary Fibromyalgia)," BMJ, 299 (August 5, 1989):365-6.
  • Childhood diarrhea: Jacobs, J, Jimenez, LM, Gloyd, SS,Treatment of Acute Childhood Diarrhea with Homeopathic Medicine: A Randomized Double-blind Controlled Study in Nicaragua, Pediatrics, May, 1994,93,5:719-25.
  • ADD/ADHD: Frei, H, Everts R, von Ammon K, Kaufmann F, Walther D, Hsu-Schmitz SF, Collenberg M, Fuhrer K, Hassink R, Steinlin M, Thurneysen A. Homeopathic treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial. Eur J Pediatr., July 27,2005,164:758-767.
  • Taylor, MA, Reilly, D, Llewellyn-Jones, RH, et al., Randomised controlled trial of homoeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial Series, BMJ, August 19, 2000, 321:471-476. The BMJ published an editorial in the issue in which this study was published asserting, “It may be time to confront the conclusion that homeopathy and placebo differ...... This may be more plausible than the conclusion that their trials have produced serial false positive results" (Later in the BMJ. Homoeopathic dilutions may be better than placebo. BMJ 2000; 321:0).
  • Jonas, WB, Linde, Klaus, and Ramirez, Gilbert, Homeopathy and Rheumatic Disease, Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, February 2000,1:117-123.
  • Seasonal allergic rhinitis (Wiesenauer M 1996; Taylor MA 2006; Ernst E 2011; Aabel S 2000; Aabel S 2000; Aabel S 2001; Kim LS 2005; Reilly DT 1986; Weiser M 1999; Wiesenauer M 1 985; Wiesenauer M 1990; Wiesenauer M 1995);
  • Brain injury (Chapman EH 1999);
  • Bronchitis (Diefenbach M 1999);
  • Childhood diarrhea (Jacobs J, 2003; 1993; 1994; 2000; 2006);
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome (Weatherley-Jones E 2004);
  • Common cold (Maiwald VL 1988);
  • Depression (Adler UC 2009);
  • Extended sports recovery time (Egocheaga Rodriguez J 2000);
  • Fibromyalgia (Bell IR 2004; Fisher P 1989; Perry R 2010; Relton C 2009);
  • Immune function (Kuzeff RM 1998); Influenza (Vickers A 2006; Attena F 1995; Brydak LB 1999; Ferley JP 1989; Papp R 1998);
  • Insomnia (Bell IR 2010; Brooks AJ 2010; Carlini EA 1987; Naudé DF 2010);
  • Low back pain (Gmünder R 2002; Stam C 2001);
  • Otitis media (Jacobs J 2001; Taylor JA 2011);
  • Perennial allergic rhinitis (Taylor MA 2000); Plantar fascitis (Clark J 2000);
  • Post-operative ileus (Barnes J 1997);
  • Post-operative edema (Totonchi A 2007);
  • Post-operative wound healing (Karow J-H 2008);
  • Postpartum bleeding (Oberbaum M 2005);
  • Postpartum lactation (Berrebi A 2001);
  • Premenstrual syndrome (Yakir M 2001);
  • Psoriasis (Bernstein S 2006; Wiesenauer M 1996);
  • Radiodermatitis (Balzarini A 2000);
  • Renal failure (Saruggia M 1992);
  • Rheumatic diseases (Jonas WB 2000);
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis (Smith SA 2002);
  • Sepsis (Frass M 2005);
  • Sinusitis (Friese K; 2007; Zabolotnyi D I 2007; Wiesenauer M 1989); Snoring (Lipman D 1999);
  • Stomatitis (Oberbaum M 2001);
  • Tracheal secretions (Frass M 2005);
  • Upper respiratory tract infections, including otitis media (Bellavite P 2006; Bornhöft G 2006);
  • Uraemic pruritus (Cavalcanti AM 2003);
  • Varicose veins (Ernst E 1990);
  • Vertigo (Schneider B 2005; Issing W 2005; Weiser M 1998).


References:

  1. (https://www.naturundmedizin.de/faktencheck-zur-radiosendung-streit-um-die-homoeopathie/
  2. For the partly desolate situation of the scientific studies and documentations of orthodox pharmacology see commentary on the decline of the famous Cochrane Collaboration or the statement of the editor-in-chief of the Lancet, Richard Horton that half of the scientific studies are faked. to a) Are highly potentiated substances physically present? The basic investigations on the physical and biochemical behaviour of high potencies seem to have shown at least indications that potentiated substances behave differently than unpotentiated substances of the same dilution level. Similar investigations and proofs have been provided by anthroposophical scientists for a long time, who have shown by means of qualitative proof methods (e.g. drop images, thin layer chromatography) that biodynamically grown plants can be distinguished from conventional plants - and in this sense methods of biodynamic cultivation (e.g. rhythmic cultivation) as well as potentiation are alchemistic methods, which do not show any differences from a superficial chemical point of view. Recent research on the so-called
  3. see the detailed work of G.Ivanovas to this topic
  4. [https://www.aerzteblatt.de/archiv/28110/Wirksamkeitspruefung-Doppelblindstudien-und-komplexe-Therapien Schuck, Dipl.Psych. Dr. med. Dr. phil. Peter; Mueller, Dipl. - Psych. Dr. phil. Horst; Resch, Prof. Dr. med. habil. Karl-Ludwig: Efficacy test:
  5. see on this problem also the different works of Prof. Harald Walach